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DAWN (Development Alternatives for Wider Network) was conceived in 1988 by a group of social researchers with a vision to bridge the gap between research and grass root level action. Registered in 1992-93, the professional group of DAWN is drawn from multi disciplines. The field workers recruited from concerned communities provide a vital link between the organization and the people. DAWN team started working with informal unorganized poor of rural and urban areas of Orissa through spontaneously emerging self-reliant people’s organization. We believe in and profess to be a non-hierarchal, non- religious, non-political organization. It is an equal opportunities organization and will not consciously perpetuate direct or indirect discrimination on the basis of gender, caste, class etc. The organization is decentralized in character, in terms of authority and decision-making process with balanced degree of centralization to encourage accountability and transparency. We endeavor to be gender sensitive in terms of work culture having major percentage women at management, co-ordination, and operational levels.
Community Managed Shelter Development Programme under BSUP- JNNURM


The city of Bhubaneswar is one of the mission states of the 63 JNNURM cities in India which has given focused attention to the integrated development of urban infrastructure and services with special emphasis on provision of basic services to the urban poor, including housing, water supply, sanitation, slum improvement community toilets etc.

Pilot Project to Demonstrate Shelter Development: As per the guidelines of the JNNURM_BSUP programme, Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation prepared a Detailed Project Report for upgrading 3 slum settlements by providing new dwellings/upgrading on the same site of Bharatpur, Dumuduma and Nayapalli Sabar Sahi of Bhubaneswar covering about 1961 households alongwith basic urban services under JNNURM-BSUP programme.

There is a paradigm shift in the approach for the shelter development of the pilot project from contractor built to people built in order to accelerate the project. Normally, all construction activities in Government are done through tendering process by the contractors. In this case, the contractors fail to fulfill the terms and conditions of the low cost housing units for the slum dwellers. As a result, it gives an opportunity for the people to build their own houses.

Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation issued 510 and 265 work orders to individual beneficiaries in Feb. 09 in Bharatpur and Dumduma slums respectively.

Implementation Strategy

For smooth implementation of the Project, there was a need to constitute committees (SHGs) consisting of 15 beneficiaries in each group.and a core group of 3/4 members to expedite the progress of work in the field and co-ordinate for capacity building programme under BSUP. So DAWN (the Non Govt. Organisation) is being entrusted the task to facilitate organisation of committees (SHG) & the core committees besides organisation of capacity building programme under BSUP for the beneficiaries and facilitate the Bank for opening of Bank Account & arrangement of loan for beneficiaries, if needed as the organization was associated with survey in preparation of Bbhubaneswar Slum Profile. Hence, there is a blend of management in the project implementation i.e.  planning by Municipal authorities and bubbling of community moblisation through the facilitation of NGO DAWN,

Programme and Activities conducted

Orientation and Group Formation

The persons who received the work order possess a common interest for building their own houses at the cost of Rs. 1,70,000/- for simplex and Rs. 1,80,500 for Duplex houses. The beneficiaries are mobilized to form Common Interest Group (CIG) consisting of 15 members for smooth management of construction activities. The CIG has become a collateral for obtaining a bank loan of Rs.17,000/- (10% of the total housing cost earmarked for beneficiary contribution) to invest in completing their plinth work which would enable them to receive the 1st installment from the fund of JNNURM. It also acts as group for helping each other for purchasing construction materials and quick implementation of housing activities. The groups are formed as neighborhood communities who have received work orders. The members in each group give their preference/choices to be included in the group. In some cases, the group members varies from 15-18 members. As a result, 28 groups have been formed in Bharatpur Slum and 15 groups in Dumduma Slum.

Formation of Leaders and Leadership Training :

Each CIG has chosen a President/Leader and Secretary/Asst. Leader from among the group members through a process of consensus. The role of leaders have been discussed in each group that the leaders are selected to serve and help the members in the construction activities. They will also act a link between the group and Municipal authorities for different housing services. As an output, 56 leaders from Bharatpur and 30 leaders emerged in the process of leadership building.

Training and Capacity Building

Our process of people centered, women focused, and partnership and solution based approach makes it inevitable for conducting different forms of interactions, to develop leadership qualities, communication skills, transparent and disciplined schemes for emergence of natural and genuine federation.

General Orientation on Construction of building
In order to build the capacities of the local mason to take up layout activities on a regular basis, general orientation programme was conducted. As a result, the local masons are handing the layout works in the community. The semi skilled masons have been training in the process and there is no dearth of skilled persons in the community to draw layout according to the housing plan.

A database has been created constituting of all the beneficiaries having their name, father’s name, Plot No., Group Name and Account No. for retrieval of reports to know the progress of activities.

Providing all information regarding the project, IEC activities such as, educating people on the procedure of opening of bank account, availing bank loan @.4% per year under Differential Rate of Interest, avoiding loan from micro finance institutions and purchasing building materials at a bulk are the regular activities being carried out in Bharatpur and Dumduma slums.

Concurrent monitoring and mid term review meetings were conducted on the Status of bank loan, Housing progress under BSUP through process of group meeting, sub-group meeting and transect walk.

Issues to be resolved :
  • A proactive step is required to provide the bank loan to the vulnerable section, i.e. the Widows (about 73 cases) who lack Legal heir certificate so that the most needed persons will not be discriminated on the issue of female sex.

  • Approving the cases of Old Plinth (35 in Bharatpur and 35 cases in Dumduma) who had house construction upto lintel level and including those to the scheme of new dwelling with suitable addition of bathroom and toilet.

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